Basic Rule of Composition
The arrangement of visual elements in an image. To emphasize the subject, mood, action of an image and make it both easily understood and aesthetically pleasing to the viewer.
The compositing and Editing includes Color, Shape, Line, Contrast, Positioning, Viewpoint, Rhythm, Perspective, Proportion and Geometry.
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Basically, it includes everything in an image.
6 Basic Rule of Composition
 The Rule of Thirds
Divide your image into thirds and place your focal points near the intersections.
The Golden Means
Divide your image into eights and place your focal points near the intersection of 3/8 & 5/8.
This results in a more pleasing, balanced image.
Do not bisect your image horizontally or vertically. Do not place important objects too close to the edge.
Besides the rule f thirds or the Golden Mean, there are some other guidelines for positioning the focal points in image:
1. A central Composition can be compelling and attention-grabbing, Symmetry enhances the feeling of respect, authority and dignity.
2. For a more dynamic image, make sure you vary the heights and sizes of your image elements.
3. Unless you want to show that those elements are the equal point of view.
4. The Heavier the visual “Weight” of an image element, the nearer is should be placed in the middle of your image. Think of how you balance unequal weights on a seesaw. Also known as the “Fulcrum-lever” principle.
5. To create depth and interest, overlap objects in the image.
6. Beware of Tangents which are areas where a line or object just touches another line or object.
 Shapes and Lines
1. Horizontal Shapes are perceived as stable and calm.
2. Vertical Shapes imply energy and growth.
3. Diagonal Shapes are the Most Dynamic. They can imply movement or tension.
4. Think about the mood of the image and the shapes that fit that mood. If an image feels boring, it probably needs more diagonals. Curves are more dangerous.
5. Triangles are a solid compositional shape. Arranging the focal points of your image in a triangular pattern leads the eye around the page.
6. Circles also catch the viewer attention. You can use this to your advantage by flagging your focal point with a circle.
 Rhythm and Repetition
1. Repeating the same types of shapes or lines within your image creates a pleasant rhythmic flow which you can also strategically break, to create a focal point or show contrast.
2. Repeating similar elements in an organized arrangement emphasizes structure and formality whereas similar clustering elements create a more natural layout.
The way you crop image helps give it context. Plus some types of the image fit more naturally in a horizontal Space or vertical space. When you have a choice, use this to your advantage.
1. Landscapes often work well in a horizontal orientation. When the background overshadows a figure, the image becomes more focused on the power of the environment rather than the figure.
2. Portraits or full-body image often fit well in a vertical orientation. Cropping an image closer to a figure brings the focus to the figure thoughts or actions. Never crop a figure at a joint such as neck, knee, wrist, waist, elbow, etc.
3. A Vertical orientation helps to emphasize a height difference. Cropping off part of an action or object gives an illusion that it continues beyond the frame.
4. Cropping out unnecessary objects or backgrounds can help bring focus to your subject.
5. Leaving room in front of a perceived action helps to create a sense of movement and space.
6. Allowing some extra room in the direction that a face is looking also helps to create “space”.
The Viewpoint you choose influences the viewer understanding of your illustration and which figure they identify with.
1. Viewing a figure or object from a low angle makes it appear dominant or intimidating.
2. Unsurprisingly, viewing a figure or scene from a high angle has the opposite effect.
3. Viewing a separate scene from within illustration can be a great way of showing a division or contrast. It is also a nice framing device.
Keep this in mind if you are trying to show a hero/villain showdown.
Kshitij Vivaan (Training Partner of MAAC Ahmadabad C.G Road) offers career courses in Animation, VFX, graphics, web designing & compositing editing plus for students from different cities of Gujarat such as Bhavnagar and Surendranagar. MAAC helps these students get the best job placements according to their skills and talents to get the best start to their Professional Careers.