5 Stop Motion Mistakes and How To Avoid It

5 Stop Motion Mistakes and How To Avoid It

5 Stop Motion Mistakes and How To Avoid It

1. Animation Flicker

A lot of stop motion films suffer from flicker issues. If you are experiencing this two things:

Is the camera auto exposure turn on? It is the most flicker culprit. Auto exposure automatically brightens the camera image if the environment becomes dark when every time your hand moves in front of a camera.There are 5 Stop Motion Mistakes.When the Camera tries to compensate by making the image brighter, you see the camera tries to compensate by making the image brighter, and you see flicker in the frames when they are played back. Turning the Auto exposure off and fixes the problem.

Check that the lights behind you? Sometimes your shadow which can be almost invisible in a bright room becomes very visible when you are taking many pictures of it, and playing the pictures back at 15 FPS. Make sure the only lights in the chamber are the lights shining directly on the set.


2. Camera Shake

When you are animating a film with toy characters, you want the camera to be as still as possible or move gracefully as the camera does in a feature film.

The thing that never looks good is a camera image that is constantly wobbling off-kilter, as the animator bumps it with their sleeve. The best ways to avoid this types of problem is to fasten the camera down with tape or apply rubber bands, strategically.

Some animations made with the larger figures, animation get away with the camera shake, because an action is happening all over the room. But as a general rule, if you are making shorts with minifigs and action figures, you want the camera to stay still.

3. Low Frame Rate

A lot of animators post movies they made with still using the camera. They take a lot of pictures with the camera, then use a program like Windows movie makes to import the images, play them back and add sound in it.

The problem with this approach is that Movie Maker limits the speed at which these images are played back. As of the fastest frame rate Movie Maker allows eight frames per second.There are 5 Stop Motion Mistakes.

The easiest solution to this problem is to use a frame-grabbing application, which lets you set the frame rate to faster speeds. Pro animators work in the 12-24 frames per second range.There are 5 Stop Motion Mistakes.

4. Poor Camera Angles

Many of the amateurish films improved immediately if the camera was closer to the action. It doesn’t matter how great your camera is if it looks like the action is happening in the two city blocks away.

In the filmmaking, the animators always used a variety of shots to tell the perfect story in the right direction or angles.

5. Blurry Images

Some of the cameras have a fixed focus and cannot focus on the main objects closer than the 8-12 inches. These cameras not to be used for stop motion since you are typically animating something that’s 3-7 inches away from the lens.

Alternatively, some cameras have automatic focus. These cannot be used because the camera repeatedly loses focus every time your hand moves into the image.

Use cameras that can focus on the objects that are close to the lens have a manual focus ring and are prepared to adjust focus often.


Kshitij Vivaan (Training Partner of MAAC Ahmadabad Satellite Road) offers career courses in Animation, VFX, graphics, web designing & gaming for students from different cities such as Sirohi and Sikar. MAAC helps these students get the best job placements according to their skills and talents to get the best start to their Professional Careers.

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Types of Stop Motion Animation

Types of Stop Motion Animation

Types of Stop Motion Animation

Stop Motion Animation used to describe animation created by physically manipulating the real-world object and photographing them one frame of the video at a time to create the illusion of movement.

There are many various types of stop-motion animation, usually named after the medium used to create the animation. Computer software is widely available to create the type of animation. However, traditional stop motion is less expensive and time-consuming to produce than the current computer animation.

1. Puppet Animation

Puppet animation typically involves stop-motion puppet figures interacting in a constructed environment, in contrast to real-world interaction in model animation. The puppets have an armature inside of them to keep them still and steady to constrain their motion to particular joints.There are so many Stop Motion Animation.

Puppet Animated films which typically use a different version of a puppet for various frames, rather than just manipulating one existing puppet.

2. Clay Animation

Puppet Animated films which typically use a different version of a puppet for various frames, rather than just manipulating one existing puppet.

Clay animation uses figures made up of clay or a similar malleable material to create the stop-motion animation. The figures have an armature or wire frame inside, similar to the related puppet animation, which can be manipulated to pose the figures.

A strata-cut animation is commonly a form of clay animation. In which a long bread-like “loaf” of clay, internally packed tight and loaded with the varying imagery, is sliced into thin sheets, with the animation camera taking the frame of the end of the loaf for each cut, ultimately revealing the movement of the internal images within.

3. Cutout Animation

Cutout Animation is a kind of stop-motion animation produced by moving two-dimensional pieces of material cloth or paper.

Silhouette Animation is a variant of the cutout animation in which the characters are backlit and just visible as silhouettes.

4. Model Animation

Model animation created to interact with and exist as a part of a live-action world. Matte effects and split screens are often used to blend stop-motion characters or objects with live actors and settings.

Go motion is a variant of model animation. They use various techniques to create motion blur between frames of film, which is not present in traditional stop-motion.

5. Object Animation

Object animation applies to the use of regular inanimate objects in stop-motion animation, as opposed to specially created items.

Graphic Animation

The graphic animation uses the non-drawn flat visual graphic material like photographs, magazines, newspaper clippings, etc. which are sometimes managed frame-by-frame to create movement. At other times, the graphics stop stationary, while the stop-motion camera is moved to create on-screen action.


Brickfilm are a subgenre of object animation including using Lego and other similar brick toys to make an animation. These have had a recent boost in popularity with the arrival of video sharing sites, YouTube and the availability of affordable cameras and animation software.

6. Pixilation

Pixilation involves the use of real humans as stop motion characters. It allows for some surreal effects, including disappearances and reappearances, enabling people to appear to slide across the ground, and other effects.


Kshitij Vivaan (Training Partner of MAAC Ahmadabad C.G Road) offers career courses in Animation, VFX, graphics, web designing & gaming for students from different cities of Rajasthan such as Dungarpur and Jalore. MAAC helps these students get the best job placements according to their skills and talents to get the best start to their Professional Careers.

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12 Principles of Animation

12 Principles of Animation

12 Principles of Animation

The 12 Basic Principles of Animation were introduced by the Disney animators Ollie Johnston and Frank Thomas in their book The Illusion of Life: Disney Animation.So, we are aware about 12 Principles of Animation.

The main purpose of the principles is to produce an illusion of characters adhering to the basic laws of physics, but also dealt with more abstract issues, such as character appeal and emotional timing.

1. Squash and Stretch

The most important principle of squash and stretch is to give the illusion of weight and volume to a character as they move. This principle is often illustrated with a bouncing ball the ball looks stretched when it is falling and squashed when it hits the ground.

In realistic animation, an object’s volume does not change when stretched or squashed. If the length of a ball is stretched vertically, its width needs to contract correspondingly horizontally.12 Principles of Animation are very important.

2. Anticipation

Anticipation is used to make the audience for an action, and to make the action looks more real. A dancer jumping off the floor has to bend his knees. This technique can be used for less physical actions, such as a character looking off-screen to anticipate someone arrival, or attention focusing on an object that a character is about to pick up.

3. Staging

This principle is akin to staging in the theatre. Its purpose is to direct the audience attention and make it clear what is of greatest importance in a scene. It helps establish mood, create focus and clarify what is appearing.

It can be done by various ways, such as the use of light and shadow, the placement of a character in the frame or the angle and position of the camera. The essence principle is to keep a focus on what is relevant, and avoiding unnecessary detail.12 Principles of Animation are very important to know.

4. Straight Ahead Action and Pose to Pose

Straight ahead Action and pose to pose refers to the techniques by which animation is crafted.

There are two different approaches to the drawing process

A. Straight Ahead Action: Drawing out a scene frame by frame from beginning to end.

It creates fluid, dynamic illusion of movement, and is better for creating realistic action sequences.

B. Pose to Pose: Starting with drawing a few key frames, and then filling in the intervals later.

In pose to pose is more useful for dramatic or emotional scenes where it is more about conveying an idea than a sense of the real.

5. Follow Through and Overlapping Action

The follow through principle shows that when a character is in action and stops, nothing stops all at same time. So when a character is running, and then stops, their main body will stop, but the other parts of the body will keep moving for a bit after.

In overlapping action principle, which expresses the idea that if a character is in motion, some portions of the character move faster than others.

6. Slow In and Slow Out

The movement of the human body and most other objects needs time to accelerate and slow down. For this reason, the animation looks more realistic if it has more drawings near the beginning and end of an action, emphasizing the extreme poses, and fewer in the middle.

This principle goes for characters moving between two extreme poses, such as sitting down and standing up.

7. Arc

The Arc principle is that all actions in life have a slightly circular motion. When a head turns or arm moves, rarely will it thrust straight in and straight out.

8. Secondary Action

A Secondary Action action is the main action that reinforces and adds more dimension to the main action. The important thing in secondary actions is that they emphasise, rather than take attention away from the main action.

For Example, A person walking can simultaneously swing their arms or keep them in their speak or whistle, or express emotions through the facial expressions.

9. Timing

Timing helps create the illusion that an action is abiding by the laws of physics. Adjusting the timing of a scene, animators can make that scene which looks either slower and smoother or faster and crisper.

10. Exaggeration

Exaggeration is especially useful for animation, as animated motions that strive for a perfect reflection of reality can look static and dull.

It is all about overstating certain movements in a way that helps evoke a point, yet does not ruin the believability of the scene.

11. Solid Drawings

This principle animates animators to be mindful of the fact that while forms may present in 2D, they should strive to look 3D.

The animator needs to be a skilled artist and has to learn the basics of three-dimensional shapes, weight, balance, anatomy, light and shadow, etc.

12. Appeal

Appeal in a cartoon character corresponds to what would be called appeal in an actor. A character who is appealing is not necessarily sympathetic monsters or villains can also be appealing the important thing is that the viewer feels the character is real. There are several tricks for making a character connect better with the audience for likeable characters, a symmetrical.

MAAC Ahmadabad Satellite Road encourages students to make a creative Animation. A student from different parts of the cities such as Patan and Kheda joins Maac Animation Courses to learn various Animation Courses.

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Future of Animation Industry

Future of Animation Industry


The animation is the process of making the illusion of motion and the illusion of change using the rapid display of a sequence of images that minimally differ from each other.Future of Animation Industry is very wide.

Today, animation has found itself expressive and communicative in various fields like e-education, architecture visualization, web designing, medical/mechanical information, and various segments of entertainment such as TV broadcast, cartoons, computer games, direct-to-DVD, animated movies and VFX. Many of these are now done using computer animation where animated images are generated by using computer graphics.

Animation Courses

Best animation institute offers you with top animation courses, Multimedia, Graphic Designing, Web Design, Film Making, Visual Effects, Game designing, Special effect, 2d & 3D animation, Architecture walkthrough and Visual Communication.


The Future of Animation Industry

The future in Animation has come a long way, and its development has also seen in the Indian animation industry. Creating animation is all about giving your imagination a picture on the screen. The animation industry has always had a place for the talented people. If we talk about the future of animation industry, then we can say that though the growth in this industry animation has a bright future.

The fact that this industry gives employment to thousands of prospective 2-D and 3-D animators every year. This growth is further going to be fuelled by the outsourcing of animation project work by Disney and other animation giants to India.


Animation Industry

Technology is ever growing in the animation industry. If we look back to over 80 years when it is long ago since the principles of animation are mainly set out by the Disney studio. Since the 1930s a frame by frame technique for storyboards used. Now we have computer generated images where colouring, scanning and digital compositing have become the norm. Studios have become more technically advanced editing in 3D and 2D.

Example: The animations, in ‘Prometheus’ (2012) and ‘Life of Pi’ (2012) were impeccably done by a number of artists in Mumbai.  The shooting had been an exploration of art such as the ocean had to be visually stunning and hence, every effort made to make this animation look original as seen in the final movie.

The movie received a number of awards for its animation and visual effects. It gave the Indian animation industry hope that they will soon be recognised globally. To everyone dismay, the main company that hired the animators filed for bankruptcy shortly after the movie release and sold to another animation company.


Scope of Animation

After completing animation courses or Bachelor’s degree, an animator could be absorbed in web designing, video making, advertising, editing, games development, and even in the film industry. Special effects, which is now an important aspect of filmmaking is a direct representation of 3d and 2d techniques as taught in animation courses. Skills are taught by expert teachers and experienced professionals from different walks of the animation industry. Students are exposed best in both academic and professional worlds before testing themselves. Animation courses are hands-on the knowledge gained appropriate to take on real life assignments. A thorough understanding of animation techniques prepares the groundwork to take on actual assignments. It helps students in building their confidence and prepare for harder jobs. Animation allows freedom of expression in ways of visuals. It gives you the opportunity to express your ideas in the most fascination forms. Successful animation often delves on the element of ‘shock’, and creative minds are breeding grounds for such type of ideas. Hence animation allows you to combine your creativity.The animation is the process of making the illusion of motion and the illusion of change using the rapid display of a sequence of images that minimally differ from each other.Future of Animation Industry is very wide.

Importances of Animation Courses

The animation is an integral part of entertainment industries. Candidates completing 2d and 3d animation courses or degree successfully are in for a vast opportunity to test their skills. The entertainment industry comprising films and television are among the leading in the world and a test zone for aspiring animators. The use of special effects is gradually increasing in films and television shows. Only trained animators are capable of creating fascinating special effects. Also in advertising area where animation is used extensively. Most of the attractive commercials are the handiwork of brilliant animation techniques. Both 3d and 2d techniques are used in creating television or web-based commercials. Advertising is not only restricted to television but extends in a large way over the web. The internet is a platform for sharing information, videos, images and messages among individuals throughout the globe. A successfully done web page animation is certain to attract millions of viewers from all over the world. We see that the evolution of animators has come a long way since the beginning and presently, more than ever, with the increasing availability of Professional mainstream education and Skill Development programs for the Indian Youth have better opportunities to enhance and showcase their skills as Animators and Visual Effects Artists. The future of Animation in Film and Entertainment looks brighter than ever before. Kshitij Vivaan (Training Partner of MAAC Ahmadabad C.G Road) offers career courses in Animation, VFX, graphics, web designing & gaming for students from different cities of Rajasthan such as Banswara and Barmer. MAAC Ahmadabad C.G Road helps these students get the best job placements according to their skills and talents to get the best start to their Professional Careers.

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Types of Perspective for Animation, VFX, Film Making, Graphic Designing

Types of Perspective for Animation, VFX, Film Making, Graphic Designing

The art of representing three dimensional objects on a two dimensional surface so as to give the right impression of their height, wight, depth and position in relation to each other. There are Types of Perspective for Animation, VFX, Film Making, Graphic Designing.



A drawing has one point perspective when it contain only one vanishing point on the horizon line. This type of perspective is typically used for image of roads, railway track so that the front is directly facing the viewer’s line of sight or directly perpendicular can be presented with one point perspective. These parallel lines converge at the vanishing point one point perspective exist when the picture plane is parallel to two axes of a rectilinear scene,Here are Types of Perspective for Animation, VFX, Film Making, Graphic Designing.


A drawing has two point perspective when it contain two vanishing points on the horizon line. In an illustration these vanishing point can be placed arbitrary along the horizon. One point represents one set of parallel lines, the other point represent the other seen from the corner one wall of a house would recede towards one vanishing point while the other wall recedes towards the opposite vanishing point


Three point perspective is often used for building seen from above or below. In addition to the two vanishing points from before one for each wall there is now one for how the vertical line of the wall recede. For an object seen from below as the viewer look up at the tall building the third vanishing point is high in space. Each of the three vanishing point corresponds with one of the three aces of the scene

By Prakruti Kachhia

Kshitij Vivaan (Training Partner of MAAC Ahmadabad C.G Road) offers career courses in Animation, VFX, graphics, web designing & gaming for students from different cities of Gujarat such as Jamnagar and Rajkot. MAAC helps these students get the best job placements according to their skills and talents to get the best start to their Professional Careers.

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A PDF, portable document format, is the industry standard for sharing and printing documents. Every document converted to or saved as a PDF has the option of being saved as a specific standard; which standard you save your file as will be determined by the purpose it was created for. If you save as the wrong standard, you may experience issues when trying to print, share or archive files, now or in the future.

PDF Standards: There are a total of eight PDF standards; Six are ISO Standards and Two are from other organizations. Six Types of PDF Standards from ISO: ISO stands for International Standards Organization, which issues certifications for products that meet their standards across many industries, PDF documents included. They set standards, based on a rigorous certification process, to assure quality, reliability and universality. Each PDF standard from ISO has guaranteed quality which was based on a specific set of circumstances. So, which standard you use will be determined by your set of document circumstances – how your PDF will be stored, viewed, shared, printed, etc .Every document converted to or saved as a PDF has the option of being saved as a specific standard. There are Types of PDFs which are explain below:

1.PDF –This general PDF standard is sufficient for in-office use, sharing and viewing online and for standard quality documents.

2.PDF/A – This standard was developed for long-term file storage, commonly used by archivists, records managers and compliance managers. It has a restricted set of features, including JavaScript, audio and video content and encryption, because they may disallow users from opening and viewing accurately in the future.There are TYPES OF PDFs

3.PDF/E – Architects, engineers, construction professionals and manufacturing product teams will use this standard most often. According to Planet PDF, “This standard was intended to address key issues in the areas of large-format drawings, multimedia, form fields and rights management – to name a few – that might prevent the engineering community from embracing PDF in their workflows.”

4.PDF/X – This standard best suits print professionals, graphic designers and creative professionals. High quality, professional grade documents can be expected when using this standard. This PDF standard will ensure documents are print-ready by correctly embedding fonts, images, color profiles and more.There are TYPES OF PDFs

5. PDF/UA –This standard enhances the readability for people with disabilities, IT managers in government or commercial enterprises and compliance managers. The UA stands for Universal Access; this standard will work with assistive technology that assists users through reading and navigation.

6.PDF/VT – Print professionals will also use this standard for documents. This standard is based on components of the PDF/X standard, allowing some features such as color profiles, layers and transparency to be maintained. The biggest addition is the ability to customize data within these files, such as bank statements, business invoices or personalized marketing material.


Two Types of PDF Standards from Other Organizations : Additional organizations have adopted standards for their specific document needs.

1.PAdES – Standardizes secure paperless transactions that conform to the European legislation. This standard was established for PDF digital signatures in the EU.

2. PDF Healthcare – According to Acrobat, This standard “Provides best practices and implementation guidelines to facilitate the capture, exchange, preservation and protection of healthcare information. Following these guidelines provides a more secure electronic container that can store and transmit health information including personal documents, XML data, DICOM images and data, clinical notes, lab reports, electronic forms, scanned images, photographs, digital X-rays and ECGs.” Knowing your PDF options will optimize your document quality if you have specific document viewing, sharing, printing or archiving purposes.


KSHITIJ VIVAN is an authorized training partner of MAAC Ahmedabad CG Road and Satellite Road. Students from different cities such as Himmatnagar and Sabarkantha come here to join Maac Animation courses. MAAC also helps these students to get the best job placements according to their talents and skills to get the best start in their Professional Careers.

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